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IPC 7
  E02D - E02D 9/04  
E02D01100-E02D03700
 

SECTION E – FIXED CONSTRUCTIONS


E 02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL-SHIFTING


E 02 DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS (specially adapted for hydraulic engineering E02B); UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES  [6]


11/

00Methods or apparatus for both placing and removing sheet pile bulkheads, piles, or mould-pipes (features relating to placing only E02D 7/00, to removing only E02D 9/00)


13/

00Accessories for placing or removing piles or bulkheads

13/

02.specially adapted for placing or removing bulkheads

13/

04.Guide devices; Guide frames

13/

06.for observation while placing

13/

08.Removing obstacles

13/

10.Follow-blocks of pile-drivers or like devices


15/

00Handling building or like materials for hydraulic engineering or foundations (conveying or working-up concrete or similar masses in general E04G 21/02)

15/

02.Handling of bulk concrete specially for foundation purposes

15/

04..Placing concrete in mould-pipes, pile tubes, boreholes, or narrow shafts

15/

06..Placing concrete under water

15/

08.Sinking workpieces into water or soil

15/

10.Placing gravel or like material under water


17/

00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments (soil shifting apparatus E02F; earth drilling E21)

17/

02.Foundation pits

17/

04..Bordering or stiffening the sides of foundation pits

17/

06.Foundation ditches or narrow shafts

17/

08..Bordering or stiffening the sides of ditches or narrow shafts for foundations

17/

10..Covering trenches for foundations

17/

12..Back-filling of foundation trenches or ditches

17/

13.Foundation slots; Implements for making these slots

17/

16.Loosening of soil or rock, under water (for correcting streams E02B 3/02; by dredgers or excavators E02F)

17/

18.Making embankments (E02D 17/20 takes precedence)

17/

20.Securing of slopes or inclines


19/

00Keeping dry foundation sites or other areas in the ground (sheet piles or bulkheads E02D 5/02)

19/

02.Restraining of open water

19/

04..by coffer-dams

19/

06.Restraining of underground water

19/

08..by employing open ditches arranged below the level of the water

19/

10..by lowering level of ground water

19/

12..by damming or interrupting the passage of underground water

19/

14...by freezing the soil (in connection with sinking shafts E21D 1/12)

19/

16...by placing or applying sealing substances (consolidating by placing solidifying or pore-filling substances in the soil E02D 3/12)

19/

18...by making use of sealing aprons (sealings or joints for engineering work E02B 3/16)

19/

20...by displacing the water, e.g. by compressed air

19/

22.Lining sumps in trenches


23/

00Caissons; Construction or placing of caissons (tunnels submerged into or built in open water E02D 29/063) [6]

23/

02.Caissons able to be floated on water and to be lowered into water in situ

23/

04.Pneumatic caissons

23/

06..Bringing persons or material into, or out of, compressed air caissons

23/

08.Lowering or sinking caissons

23/

10..Caissons filled with compressed air

23/

12..Inclined lowering

23/

14..Decreasing the skin friction while lowering

23/

16.Jointing caissons to the foundation soil, specially to uneven foundation soil


25/

00Joining caissons or like sunk units to each other under water


27/

00Foundations as substructures

27/

01.Flat foundations

27/

02..Flat foundations without substantial excavation (E02D 27/04, E02D 27/08 take precedence)

27/

04..in water or on quicksand

27/

06...Floating caisson foundations

27/

08..Reinforcements for flat foundations

27/

10.Deep foundations

27/

12..Pile foundations

27/

14...Pile framings

27/

16...Foundations formed of separate piles

27/

18..Foundations formed by making use of caissons

27/

20..Caisson foundations combined with pile foundations

27/

22..Caisson foundations made by starting from fixed or floating artificial islands by using protective bulkheads

27/

24.Foundations constructed by making use of diving-bells (equipment for dwelling or working under water B63C 11/00)

27/

26.Compacting soil locally before forming foundations; Construction of foundation structures by forcing binding substances into gravel fillings (consolidating foundation soil in general E02D 3/02 to E02D 3/12)

27/

28.Stressing the soil or the foundation structure while forming foundations

27/

30.Foundations made with permanent use of sheet pile bulkheads, walls of planks, or sheet piling boxes

27/

32.Foundations for special purposes

27/

34..Foundations for sinking or earthquake territories (building constructions with protection arrangements against earthquakes E04H 9/02)

27/

35..Foundations formed in frozen ground, e.g. in permafrost soil  [3]

27/

36..Foundations formed in moors or bogs

27/

38..Foundations for large tanks, e.g. oil tanks

27/

40..Foundations for dams across valleys or for dam constructions

27/

42..Foundations for poles, masts, or chimneys

27/

44..Foundations for machines, engines, or ordnance (special layout of foundations with respect to machinery to be supported F16M 9/00)

27/

46..Foundations for supply conduits or other canals

27/

48..Foundations inserted underneath existing buildings or constructions

27/

50..Anchored foundations

27/

52..Submerged foundations


29/

00Underground or underwater structures (underground tanks B65D 88/76; hydraulic engineering, e.g. sealings or joints, E02B; underground garages E04H 6/00; underground air-raid shelters E04H 9/12; burial vaults E04H 13/00); Retaining walls  [6]

29/

02.Retaining or protecting walls (piers or quay walls E02B 3/06)

29/

045.Underground structures, e.g. tunnels or galleries, built in the open air or by methods involving disturbance of the ground surface all along the location line; Methods of making them  [6]

29/

05..at least part of the cross-section being constructed in an open excavation or from the ground surface, e.g. assembled in a trench  [6]

29/

055...further excavation of the cross-section proceeding underneath an already installed part of the structure, e.g. the roof of a tunnel  [6]

29/

063.Tunnels submerged into, or built in, open water (construction or placing of caissons in general E02D 23/00; joining caissons to each other under water, in general E02D 25/00)  [6]

29/

067..Floating tunnels; Submerged bridge-like tunnels, i.e. tunnels supported by piers or the like above the water-bed (pontoons or floating bridges E01D 15/14)  [6]

29/

07..Tunnels or shuttering therefor preconstructed as a whole or continuously made, and moved into place on the water-bed, e.g. into a preformed trench  [6]

29/

073..Tunnels or shuttering therefor assembled from sections individually sunk onto, or laid on, the water-bed, e.g. in a preformed trench (caisson-type sections lowered onto the water-bed E02D 29/077)  [6]

29/

077..Tunnels at least partially built beneath the water-bed characterised by being made by methods involving disturbance thereof all along the location line, e.g. by cut-and-cover or caisson methods  [6]

29/

09.Constructions or methods of constructing, in water, not otherwise provided for  [6]

29/

12.Manhole shafts; Other inspection or access chambers; Accessories therefor (for underground tanks B65D 90/10; for sewerage E03F 5/02)  [6]

29/

14..Covers for manholes or the like; Frames for covers  [6]

29/

16.Arrangement or construction of joints in foundation structures (sealing joints not restricted to foundation structures E04B 1/68)


31/

00Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution (spillage retaining means for tanks B65D 90/24)

31/

02.against ground humidity or ground water

31/

04..Watertight packings for use under hydraulic pressure

31/

06.against corrosion by soil or water

31/

08.against transmission of vibrations or movements in the foundation soil

31/

10.against soil pressure or hydraulic pressure

31/

12..against upward hydraulic pressure

31/

14..against frost heaves in soil  [3]


33/

00Testing foundations or foundation structures (testing methods or apparatus, see the relevant subclasses of class G01; testing structures or apparatus as regards function, in general, G01M; investigating or analysing materials by determining their chemical or physical properties, in general G01N)


35/

00Straightening, lifting, or lowering of foundation structures or of constructions erected on foundations


37/

00Repair of damaged foundations or foundation structures


  E02D - E02D 9/04   
 

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