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IPC 7
E01C-E01C02324

SECTION E – FIXED CONSTRUCTIONS


E 01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES (of tunnels E21D)


E 01 CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR (forming road or like surfaces by compacting or grading snow or ice E01H)


Subclass Index

DESIGN; FOUNDATIONS 

E01C 1/00; E01C 3/00, E01C 13/00 

PAVING FOR ROADS, PLAYGROUNDS, OR THE LIKE 

Paving in general 

E01C 5/00, E01C 7/00 

Special paving 

E01C 9/00, E01C 13/00, E01C 15/00 

Details 

E01C 11/00, E01C 17/00 

CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR OF ROADS, PLAYGROUNDS, OR THE LIKE 

E01C 21/00, E01C 19/00, E01C 23/00 



1/

00Design or layout of roads, e.g. for noise abatement, for gas absorption (design or layout of sports grounds A63C 19/00; design or layout of airfields B64F)

1/

02.Crossings, junctions, or interconnections between roads on the same level

1/

04.Road crossings on different levels; Interconnections between roads on different levels


Structure of roads, playgrounds, sports grounds, airfields


3/

00Foundations for pavings (specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds E01C 13/02; foundations in general E02D)

3/

02.Concrete base for bituminous paving

3/

04.Foundations produced by soil stabilisation

3/

06.Methods or arrangements for protecting foundations from destructive influences of moisture, frost or vibration


5/

00Pavings made of prefabricated single units (specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds E01C 13/04, for footpaths, sidewalks or cycle tracks E01C 15/00; making artificial stones C04B; building stones E04C; flooring E04F)

5/

02.made of natural stones, e.g. sett stones

5/

04.made of bricks

5/

06.made of units with cement or like binders

5/

08..Reinforced units

5/

10...Prestressed reinforced units

5/

12.made of units with bituminous binders

5/

14.made of wooden units

5/

16.made of metallic units (steel gratings E01C 9/10)

5/

18.made of rubber units

5/

20.made of units of plastics (E01C 5/18 takes precedence)

5/

22.made of units composed of a mixture of materials covered by two or more of groups E01C 5/02 to E01C 5/20


7/

00Coherent pavings made in situ (specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds E01C 13/06, for footpaths, sidewalks or cycle tracks E01C 15/00)

7/

02.made of road-metal without binders

7/

04..of broken stones, gravel, or like materials

7/

06..by melting, burning, or vitrifying road-metal in situ

7/

08.made of road-metal and binders

7/

10..of road-metal and cement or like binders (cement or like binders, composition of mortars C04B)

7/

12...Mortar-bound paving

7/

14...Concrete paving

7/

16....Prestressed concrete paving

7/

18..of road-metal and bituminous binders

7/

20...Binder incorporated in cold state, e.g. natural asphalt

7/

22...Binder incorporated in hot state, e.g. heated bitumen

7/

24...Binder incorporated as an emulsion or solution (making dispersions or emulsions for road building C04B)

7/

26...mixed with other materials, e.g. cement, rubber, leather, fibre

7/

30..of road-metal and other binders, e.g. synthetic material

7/

32..of courses of different kind made in situ

7/

34...made of several courses which are not bound to each other

7/

35..Topping or surface dressings; Methods of mixing, impregnating, or spreading them

7/

36.by subjecting soil to stabilisation


9/

00Special pavings (specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds E01C 13/00, for footpaths, sidewalks or cycle tracks E01C 15/00); Pavings for special parts of roads or airfields (pavement lights E01C 17/00; manholes or like covers or frames E02D 29/14)

9/

02.Wheel tracks (rail tracks for guiding vehicles E01B 25/28)

9/

04.Pavings for railroad level-crossings

9/

06.Pavings adjacent tramways rails

9/

08.Temporary pavings (steel gratings E01C 9/10)

9/

10.Steel gratings (gully gratings E03F 5/06; as building elements in general E04C)


11/

00Details of pavings

11/

02.Arrangement or construction of joints; Methods of making joints; Packing for joints (sealing joints not restricted to road or airfield paving E04B 1/68)

11/

04..for cement concrete paving

11/

06...Methods of making joints

11/

08...Packing of metal

11/

10...Packing of plastic or elastic materials

11/

12...Packing of metal and plastic or elastic materials

11/

14...Dowel assembly

11/

16.Reinforcements (for building in general E04C)

11/

18..for cement concrete pavings

11/

20...for prestressed concrete pavings

11/

22.Gutters; Kerbs (kerbs specially adapted for informing road users E01F 9/053)

11/

24.Methods or arrangements for preventing slipperiness or protecting against influences of the weather

11/

26..Permanently-installed heating or blowing devices


13/

00Pavings or foundations specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds (general layout A63C 19/00)

13/

02.Foundations, e.g. with drainage or heating arrangements  [6]

13/

04.Pavings made of prefabricated single units (E01C 13/08, E01C 13/10 take precedence)  [6]

13/

06.Pavings made in situ (E01C 13/08, E01C 13/10 take precedence)  [6]

13/

08.Surfaces simulating grass  [6]

13/

10.Artificial surfaces for outdoor or indoor practice of snow or ice sports (E01C 13/08 takes precedence)  [6]

13/

12..for snow sports  [6]


15/

00Pavings specially adapted for footpaths, sidewalks, or cycle tracks


17/

00Pavement lights, i.e. translucent constructions forming part of the surface (blocks specially designed for marking roads E01F 9/04)


Machines, tools, or auxiliary devices for constructing or repairing the surfacing of roads or like structures (constructing the road bed E02D, E02F)


19/

00Machines, tools, or auxiliary devices for preparing or distributing paving materials, for working the placed materials, or for forming, consolidating, or finishing the paving (surface stabilisation E01C 21/00; apparatus specially adapted for reconditioning or repairing paving E01C 23/00)

19/

02.for preparing the materials

19/

05..Crushing, pulverising, or disintegrating apparatus (in general B02C); Aggregate screening, cleaning, or heating apparatus

19/

08..Apparatus for transporting and melting asphalt, bitumen, tar, or the like (stationarily-arranged melting boilers for tar, asphalt, or the like, in general C10C 3/12)

19/

10..Apparatus or plants for premixing or precoating aggregate or fillers with non-hydraulic binders, e.g. with bitumen, with resins; Apparatus for premixing non-hydraulic mixtures prior to placing or for reconditioning salvaged non-hydraulic compositions

19/

12.for distributing granular or liquid materials (E01C 23/07 takes precedence; for filling joints or grooves E01C 23/02, E01C 23/09)

19/

15..for laying-down uncoated stone or similar materials, or for striking-off or spreading same without compacting, e.g. for crushed rock base courses, sand cushions for paving (E01C 19/52 takes precedence; distributing E01C 19/20)

19/

16..for applying or spreading liquid materials, e.g. bitumen slurries (E01C 19/45, E01C 23/02, E01C 23/03, E01C 23/16 take precedence; spraying or spreading liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces in general B05)

19/

17...Application by spraying

19/

18..Devices for distributing road-metals mixed with binders, e.g. cement, bitumen, without consolidating or ironing effect (E01C 19/20, E01C 19/47 take precedence; conveying installations for concrete or the like B65G)

19/

20..Apparatus for distributing, e.g. spreading, granular or pulverulent materials, e.g. sand, gravel, salt, dry binders (fertiliser distributors A01C 15/00)

19/

21..for simultaneously but separately applying liquid material and granular or pulverulent material, e.g. bitumen and grit, with or without spreading

19/

22.for consolidating or finishing laid-down unset materials (E01C 23/02 takes precedence; apparatus for generating vibrations in general B06B)

19/

23..Rollers therefor; Such rollers usable also for compacting soil (E01C 19/43 takes precedence; specially adapted for agricultural purposes A01B 29/00; garden rollers A01G 1/12; making or maintaining surfaces of snow or ice E01H 4/00; solely for soil compaction E02D 3/026)

19/

24...hand propelled (E01C 19/27 to E01C 19/29 take precedence)

19/

25...propelled by animals or vehicles (E01C 19/26 to E01C 19/29 take precedence)

19/

26...self-propelled or fitted to road vehicles (E01C 19/27 to E01C 19/29 take precedence)

19/

27...with elastically-deformable rolling elements, e.g. pneumatic tyres (vibrating or impacting E01C 19/28)

19/

28...Vibrated rollers or rollers subjected to impacts, e.g. hammering blows (E01C 19/29 takes precedence)

19/

29...Rolling apparatus adapted to apply a rolling pressure less than its weight, e.g. roller finishers travelling on formrails

19/

30..Tamping or vibrating apparatus other than rollers (E01C 23/02, E01C 23/04 take precedence; vibrated depositing devices E01C 19/12; tamping or vibrating rollers E01C 19/28; portable percussion tools in general B25D; tamping or vibrating soil in general E02D 3/046)

19/

32...Hand-held hand-actuated rammers or tampers

19/

34...Power-driven rammers or tampers

19/

35....Hand-held or hand-guided tools (E01C 19/36 to E01C 19/40 take precedence)

19/

36....with direct-acting explosion chambers

19/

38....with means specifically for generating vibrations

19/

40....adapted to impart a smooth finish to the paving, e.g. tamping or vibrating finishers

19/

41..Apparatus having both rolling tools and ramming, tamping, or vibrating tools

19/

42..Machines for imparting a smooth finish to freshly-laid paving courses other than by rolling, tamping, or vibrating (for distributing only E01C 19/12)

19/

43..Machines or arrangements for roughening or patterning freshly-laid paving courses, e.g. indenting rollers

19/

44..Hand-actuated tools other than rollers, dampers, or vibrators, specially adapted for imparting a required surface finish to freshly-laid paving courses (E01C 19/43 takes precedence)

19/

45.Portable apparatus for preparing, or for preparing and applying to the road, compound liquid binders, e.g. emulsified bitumen, fluxed asphalt (applying only E01C 19/16)

19/

46.for preparing and placing the materials (E01C 19/45 takes precedence; making surfaces by mixing borrowed aggregate with binders E01C 21/00)

19/

47..Hydraulic cement concrete mixers combined with distributing means specially adapted for road building (concrete mixers per se B28C)

19/

48.for laying-down the materials and consolidating them, or finishing the surface

19/

50.Removable forms or shutterings for road-building purposes (E01C 23/02, E01C 23/04 take precedence; permanent forms E01C 3/00 to E01C 7/00; slip forms E01C 19/48); Devices or arrangements for forming individual paving elements, e.g. kerbs, in situ

19/

52.Apparatus for laying individual preformed surface elements, e.g. kerbs (preforming and placing continuous strip E01C 19/46; forming paving elements in situ E01C 19/50)


21/

00Apparatus or processes for surface stabilisation for road building or like purposes, e.g. mixing borrowed aggregate with binder (stabilising soil under existing surfacing E01C 23/10; soil-conditioning or soil-stabilising materials C09K 17/00; soil-consolidation in general E02D 3/12)

21/

02.Fusing, calcining, or burning soil in situ


23/

00Auxiliary devices or arrangements for constructing, repairing, reconditioning, or taking-up road or like surfaces (apparatus for reconditioning of salvaged non-hydraulic compositions E01C 19/10)

23/

01.Devices or auxiliary means for setting-out or checking the configuration of new surfacing, e.g. templates, screed supports (form rails E01C 19/50); Applications of apparatus for measuring, indicating, or recording the surface configuration of existing surfacing, e.g. profilographs (E01C 23/07 takes precedence; measuring roughness or irregularity in general G01B)

23/

02.Devices for making, treating, or filling grooves or like channels in not-yet-hardened paving, e.g. for joints or markings (surface patterning E01C 19/43); Removable forms therefor (non-removable forms E01C 11/02); Devices for introducing inserts or removable insert-supports in not-yet-hardened paving (E01C 23/04 takes precedence; non-removable insert supports E01C 11/02)

23/

03.Arrangements for curing paving; Devices for applying curing means; Devices for laying prefabricated underlay, e.g. sheets, membranes (reinforcing elements E01C 23/04); Protecting paving under construction or while curing, e.g. use of tents (road barriers E01F 13/00)

23/

04.Devices for laying reinforcing elements or dowel bars; Removable supports for reinforcing elements (non-removable supports therefor E01C 11/16; side forms adapted to supporting reinforcement E01C 19/50); Devices, e.g. removable forms, for making essentially horizontal ducts in paving, e.g. for prestressed reinforcement

23/

05.Devices for installing or removing forms

23/

06.Devices or arrangements for working the finished surface (working freshly-laid paving E01C 19/42 to E01C 19/44, E01C 23/02; mining picks E21C 35/18); Devices for repairing the surface of damaged paving  [6]

23/

07..Apparatus combining measurement of the surface configuration of paving with application of material in proportion to the measured irregularities (measuring means only E01C 23/01)

23/

08..for roughening or patterning; for removing high spots or material bonded to the surface, e.g. markings (removing matter not bonded to the surface E01H 1/00; roughening or detaching ice E01H 5/12)

23/

082...using non-powered tools  [6]

23/

085...using power-driven tools, e.g. vibratory tools  [6]

23/

088....Rotary tools, e.g. milling drums  [6]

23/

09..for forming cuts, grooves, or recesses, e.g. for making joints or channels for markings, for cutting-out sections to be removed; for cleaning, treating, or filling cuts, grooves, recesses, or fissures; for trimming paving edges

23/

10..for raising or levelling sunken paving; for filling voids under paving; for introducing material into substructure (consolidating soil in general E02D 3/12)

23/

12..for taking-up, tearing-up, or breaking-up paving (adapted to both placing and removing paving E01C 19/52)

23/

14.for heating or drying foundation, paving, or materials thereon, e.g. paint (E01C 23/03 takes precedence; heating or drying devices incorporated in the paving E01C 11/26; surface stabilisation by fusing, calcining, or burning soil in situ E01C 21/02; for street cleaning E01H 1/08; melting snow or ice on surfacing E01H 5/10)

23/

16.Devices for marking-out, applying, or forming traffic or like markings on finished paving (E01C 23/14 takes precedence; inserting or forming in not-yet-hardened paving E01C 23/02, in recesses formed in fully-set paving E01C 23/09; marking-out playing courts or playgrounds A63C 19/06; applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces in general B05; road surface markings per se E01F 9/04); Protecting fresh markings

23/

18..for applying prefabricated markings  [6]

23/

20..for forming markings in situ  [6]

23/

22...by spraying  [6]

23/

24...by pouring  [6]


  
 

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