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IPC 7
  C12N - C12N 9/99  
C12N01100-C12N01590
 

SECTION C – CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY


C 12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING


C 12 NMICRO-ORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF (biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing micro-organisms, viruses, microbial fungi, enzymes, fermentates, or substances produced by, or extracted from, micro-organisms or animal material A01N 63/00; food compositions A21, A23; medicinal preparations A61K; chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings, absorbent pads or surgical articles A61L; fertilisers C05); PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICRO-ORGANISMS (preservation of living parts of humans or animals A01N 1/02); MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA (microbiological testing media C12Q) [3]


11/

00Carrier-bound or immobilised enzymes; Carrier-bound or immobilised microbial cells; Preparation thereof  [3]

11/

02.Enzymes or microbial cells being immobilised on or in an organic carrier  [3]

11/

04..entrapped within the carrier, e.g. gel, hollow fibre  [3]

11/

06..attached to the carrier via a bridging agent  [3]

11/

08..the carrier being a synthetic polymer  [3]

11/

10..the carrier being a carbohydrate  [3]

11/

12...Cellulose or derivatives thereof  [3]

11/

14.Enzymes or microbial cells being immobilised on or in an inorganic carrier  [3]

11/

16.Enzymes or microbial cells being immobilised on or in a biological cell  [3]

11/

18.Multi-enzyme systems  [3]


13/

00Treatment of micro-organisms or enzymes with electrical or wave energy, e.g. magnetism, sonic waves  [3]


15/

00Mutation or genetic engineering; DNA or RNA concerning genetic engineering, vectors, e.g. plasmids, or their isolation, preparation or purification; Use of hosts therefor (mutants or genetically engineered micro-organisms C12N 1/00, C12N 5/00, C12N 7/00; new plants A01H; plant reproduction by tissue culture techniques A01H 4/00; new animals A01K 67/00; use of medicinal preparations containing genetic material which is inserted into cells of the living body to treat genetic diseases, gene therapy A61K 48/00; peptides in general C07K) [3,5,6]

Note

 This group covers processes wherein there is a modification of the genetic material which would not normally occur in nature without intervention of man which produce a change in the gene structure which is passed on to succeeding generations.  [3]

15/

01.Preparation of mutants without inserting foreign genetic material therein; Screening processes therefor  [5]

15/

02.Preparation of hybrid cells by fusion of two or more cells, e.g. protoplast fusion  [5]

15/

03..Bacteria  [5]

15/

04..Fungi  [5]

15/

05..Plant cells  [5]

15/

06..Animal cells  [5]

15/

07..Human cells  [5]

15/

08..Cells resulting from interspecies fusion  [5]

15/

09.Recombinant DNA-technology  [5]

15/

10..Processes for the isolation, preparation or purification of DNA or RNA (chemical preparation of DNA or RNA C07H 21/00; preparation of non-structural polynucleotides from micro-organisms or with enzymes C12P 19/34)  [5]

15/

11..DNA or RNA fragments; Modified forms thereof (DNA or RNA not used in recombinant technology C07H 21/00)  [5]

15/

12...Genes encoding animal proteins  [5]

15/

13....Immunoglobulins  [5]

15/

14....Human serum albumins  [5]

15/

15....Protease inhibitors, e.g. antithrombin, antitrypsin, hirudin  [5]

15/

16....Hormones  [5]

15/

17.....Insulins  [5]

15/

18.....Growth hormones  [5]

15/

19....Interferons; Lymphokines; Cytokines  [5]

15/

20.....Interferons  [5]

15/

21......Alpha-interferons  [5]

15/

22......Beta-interferons  [5]

15/

23......Gamma-interferons  [5]

15/

24.....Interleukins  [5]

15/

25......Interleukin-1  [5]

15/

26......Interleukin-2  [5]

15/

27.....Colony stimulating factors  [5]

15/

28.....Tumor necrosis factors  [5]

15/

29...Genes encoding plant proteins, e.g. thaumatin  [5]

15/

30...Genes encoding protozoal proteins, e.g. from Plasmodium, Trypanosoma, Eimeria  [5]

15/

31...Genes encoding microbial proteins, e.g. enterotoxins  [5]

15/

32....Bacillus crystal proteins  [5]

15/

33....Genes encoding viral proteins  [5]

15/

34.....Proteins from DNA viruses  [5]

15/

35......Parvoviridae, e.g. feline panleukopenia virus, human parvovirus  [5]

15/

36......Hepadnaviridae  [5]

15/

37......Papovaviridae, e.g. papillomaviruses, polyomavirus, SV40  [5]

15/

38......Herpetoviridae, e.g. herpes simplex virus, varicella-zoster virus, Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, pseudorabies virus  [5]

15/

39......Poxviridae, e.g. vaccinia virus, variola virus  [5]

15/

40.....Proteins from RNA viruses, e.g. flaviviruses  [5]

15/

41......Picornaviridae, e.g. rhinovirus, coxsackie viruses, echoviruses, enteroviruses  [5]

15/

42.......Foot-and-mouth disease virus  [5]

15/

43.......Poliovirus  [5]

15/

44......Orthomyxoviridae, e.g. influenza virus  [5]

15/

45......Paramyxoviridae, e.g. measles virus, mumps virus, Newcastle disease virus, canine distemper virus, rinderpest virus, respiratory syncytial viruses  [5]

15/

46......Reoviridae, e.g. rotavirus, bluetongue virus, Colorado tick fever virus  [5]

15/

47......Rhabdoviridae, e.g. rabies viruses, vesicular stomatitis virus  [5]

15/

48......Retroviridae, e.g. bovine leukaemia virus, feline leukaemia virus, HIV  [5]

15/

49.......Lentiviridae, e.g. immunodeficiency viruses, visna-maedi virus, equine infectious anaemia virus  [5]

15/

50......Coronaviridae, e.g. infectious bronchitis virus, transmissible gastroenteritis virus  [5]

15/

51.....Hepatitis viruses  [5]

15/

52...Genes encoding for enzymes or proenzymes  [5]

Note

 In this group:

 genes encoding for proenzymes are classified with the corresponding genes encoding enzymes;

 enzymes are generally categorised according to the "Nomenclature and Classification of Enzymes" of the International Commission on Enzymes. Where appropriate, this designation appears in the groups below in parenthesis.  [5]

15/

53....Oxidoreductases (1)  [5]

15/

54....Transferases (2)  [5]

15/

55....Hydrolases (3)  [5]

15/

56.....acting on glycosyl compounds (3.2), e.g. amylase, galactosidase, lysozyme  [5]

15/

57.....acting on peptide bonds (3.4)  [5]

15/

58......Plasminogen activators, e.g. urokinase, TPA  [5]

15/

59......Chymosin  [5]

15/

60....Lyases (4)  [5]

15/

61....Isomerases (5)  [5]

15/

62...DNA sequences coding for fusion proteins  [5]

Note

 In this group, the following term is used with the meaning indicated:

 "fusion" means the fusion of two different proteins.  [5]

15/

63..Introduction of foreign genetic material using vectors; Vectors; Use of hosts therefor; Regulation of expression  [5]

15/

64...General methods for preparing the vector, for introducing it into the cell or for selecting the vector-containing host  [5]

15/

65...using markers (enzymes used as markers C12N 15/52)  [5]

15/

66...General methods for inserting a gene into a vector to form a recombinant vector using cleavage and ligation; Use of non-functional linkers or adaptors, e.g. linkers containing the sequence for a restriction endonuclease  [5]

Note

 In this group, the following expression is used with the meaning indicated:

 "non-functional linkers" means DNA sequences which are used to link DNA sequences and which have no known function of structural gene or regulating function.  [5]

15/

67...General methods for enhancing the expression  [5]

15/

68....Stabilisation of the vector  [5]

15/

69....Increasing the copy number of the vector  [5]

15/

70...Vectors or expression systems specially adapted for E. coli  [5]

Notes

(1)This group covers the use of E. coli as host.  [5]

(2)Shuttle vectors also replicating in E. coli are classified according to the other host.  [5]

15/

71....Expression systems using regulatory sequences derived from the trp-operon  [5]

15/

72....Expression systems using regulatory sequences derived from the lac-operon  [5]

15/

73....Expression systems using phage lambda regulatory sequences  [5]

15/

74...Vectors or expression systems specially adapted for prokaryotic hosts other than E. coli, e.g. Lactobacillus, Micromonospora  [5]

Note

 This group covers the use of prokaryotes as hosts.  [5]

15/

75....for Bacillus  [5]

15/

76....for Actinomyces; for Streptomyces  [5]

15/

77....for Corynebacterium; for Brevibacterium  [5]

15/

78....for Pseudomonas  [5]

15/

79...Vectors or expression systems specially adapted for eukaryotic hosts;  [5]

Note

 This group covers the use of eukaryotes as hosts.  [5]

15/

80....for fungi  [5]

15/

81.....for yeasts  [5]

15/

82....for plant cells  [5]

15/

83.....Viral vectors, e.g. cauliflower mosaic virus  [5]

15/

84.....Ti-plasmids  [5]

15/

85....for animal cells  [5]

15/

86.....Viral vectors  [5]

15/

861......Adenoviral vectors [7]

 

15/

863......Poxviral vectors, e.g. vaccinia virus [7]

 

15/

864......Parvoviral vectors [7]

 

15/

866......Baculoviral vectors [7]

 

15/

867......Retroviral vectors [7]

 

15/

869......Herpesviral vectors [7]

 

15/

87..Introduction of foreign genetic material using processes not otherwise provided for, e.g. co-transformation  [5]

15/

88...using micro-encapsulation, e.g. using liposome vesicle  [5]

15/

89...using micro-injection  [5]

15/

90...Stable introduction of foreign DNA into chromosome  [5]


  C12N - C12N 9/99   
 

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