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IPC 7
 
B65H-B65H00920
  B65H 11/00 - B65H 23/34  

SECTION B – PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING


B 65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL


B 65 HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES


Notes

(1)This subclass does not cover methods or devices intimately associated with other operations on thin or filamentary material, e.g. sheets, webs, cables or means for performing such operations, which are classified in the relevant subclasses for these operations, e.g.:

 B07C  Postal sorting, similar sorting of documents, e.g. cheques 

 B08B 1/02  Cleaning travelling work, e.g. webs, by methods involving the use of tools, brushes or like members 

 B21B 41/00  Metal rolling involving guiding, conveying or accumulating easily-flexible work, e.g. wire, sheet metal bands, in loops or curves 

 B21C 47/00, B21C 49/00  Winding-up, coiling, winding-off or temporarily accumulating metal wire, metal band or other flexible metal material, characterised by features relevant to metal processing only, other than by rolling 

 B21D 43/00  Feeding, positioning or storing devices, combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal without essentially removing material 

 B23K 9/12  Means for automatic feeding of electrodes for spot or seam welding or cutting 

 B29C 31/00  Handling for shaping or joining of plastics, for shaping of substances in a plastic state in general or for after-treatment of shaped products, e.g. feeding the material to be shaped 

 B41B 15/32, B41B 21/32  Film-handling mechanisms in photographic composing machines 

 B41F 13/02  Conveying or guiding webs through rotary-printing presses or machines 

 B41J 11/00 to B41J 17/00  Handling of copy- or impression-transfer material in typewriters or selective printing mechanisms 

 B41K 3/44  Means for handling copy matter in stamping or numbering apparatus or devices 

 B41L  Handling sheets or webs in apparatus or devices for manifolding, duplicating or printing for office or other commercial purposes, or on addressing machines or like series-printing machines 

 B42B  Handling relating to permanently attaching together sheets, quires, or signatures 

 B42C  Handling sheets in book-binding 

 B65B  Handling of sheets or webs in apparatus for, or methods of, packaging articles, not of interest apart from their application in packaging machines 

 B65C  Handling of labels in labelling or tagging apparatus 

 C14B 1/62  Winding or stacking hides or leather in machines or devices for manufacturing leather 

 D01 to D07  Spinning, weaving, braiding, lace-making, knitting, sewing, making ropes or cables 

 D21F 2/00  Transferring webs from wet ends to press sections in paper-making 

 F26B 13/00  Handling fabrics, fibres, yarns or other material in long lengths in drying apparatus 

 G03B  Film-strip handling or handling of pictures in apparatus for taking photographs or for projecting or viewing them 

 G06K 13/00  Conveying record carriers from one station to another 

 G06M 7/00  Counting of flat articles, e.g. sheets, carried by a conveyer 

 G11B 15/00 to G11B 19/00, G11B 23/00, G11B 25/00  Information storage based on relative movement between record carrier and transducer, involving handling record carriers for recording or reproducing 

 H01F 41/06  Manufacturing coils for magnets, inductances, transformers, by winding 

 H01G 13/02  Machines for winding capacitors 

 H04N 1/00  Sheet handling not of interest apart from its use in systems for transmission or reproduction of pictures or patterns not varying in time, e.g. facsimile transmission. 

(2)In this subclass:

 the groups relating to thin material, as defined under (i) of Note (3) below, are primarily intended to cover the handling of articles made of paper or cardboard, but also include the handling of articles made of other materials which have similar characteristics or present similar handling problems, e.g. articles made of sheet-plastics or leather;

 the groups relating to filamentary material (groups B65H 49/00 onwards), as defined in Note (3) below, cover only methods or devices of general application or interest.

(3)In this subclass, the following terms or expressions are used with the meanings indicated:

 "handling" includes feeding, folding (other than in the manufacture of products), guiding, orientating, storing, unwinding, and winding;

 "thin material" includes:

 (i)sheets, signatures, envelopes, blanks, and thin piles thereof (hereinafter referred to as "articles"), and

 (ii)webs, tapes, and films, e.g. of paper, fabric, metal foil, or plastics;

 "filamentary material" includes thread, wires, ropes, cables, and hoses;

 "package" means a mass of filamentary material, formed by coiling, depositing, or winding, with or without a supporting core or former or an enclosing container or receptacle.


Subclass Index

ARTICLES 

Feeding; piles 

pile supports; lifting ends of piles for overlapping; overturning articles 

B65H 1/00; B65H 13/00; B65H 15/00 

separating from piles; feeding from piles or to machines; feed control; positioning; feeding to piles; feed tables 

B65H 3/00; B65H 5/00; B65H 7/00; B65H 9/00; B65H 11/00 

Delivering 

from machines to piles 

B65H 29/00, B65H 35/00, B65H 37/00 

gathering 

B65H 39/00 

folding; unfolding 

B65H 45/00; B65H 47/00 

piling 

B65H 13/00, B65H 15/00, B65H 31/00, B65H 33/00 

Combinations of piling and depiling operations 

B65H 83/00 

Recirculating articles 

B65H 85/00 

Control, checking, safety 

B65H 43/00 

WEBS 

Feeding 

unwinding, paying-out webs; winding webs; advancing webs 

B65H 16/00; B65H 18/00; B65H 20/00 

changing the web roll; special constructions of feed or guide rollers; covering cores, not otherwise provided for 

B65H 19/00; B65H 27/00; B65H 81/00 

webs: splicing; registering, tensioning or guiding; con- trolling tension 

B65H 21/00; B65H 23/00; B65H 77/00 

Delivery from machines 

with or after auxiliary operations; gathering; separating 

B65H 35/00, B65H 37/00; B65H 39/00; B65H 41/00 

folding; unfolding 

B65H 45/00; B65H 47/00 

Machines: control, checking, safety or warning; driving gear not otherwise provided for 

B65H 26/00, B65H 43/00, B65H 63/00; B65H 79/00 

Storing 

B65H 75/00 

FILAMENTARY MATERIAL 

Unwinding, paying out; forwarding 

B65H 49/00; B65H 51/00 

Winding, coiling, depositing; wound packages; guides; covering cores not otherwise provided for 

B65H 54/00; B65H 55/00; B65H 57/00; B65H 81/00 

Tension control; Measuring pre-determined lengths; joining 

B65H 59/00, B65H 77/00; B65H 61/00; B65H 69/00 

Cores, formers: securing material, replacing, removing, stripping-off waste material 

B65H 65/00, B65H 67/00, B65H 73/00 

Treatment during formation of package 

B65H 71/00 

Machines: control, checking, safety or warning; driving gear not otherwise provided for 

B65H 26/00, B65H 43/00, B65H 63/00; B65H 79/00 

Storing 

B65H 75/00 



Feeding articles to machines; Separating articles from piles; Pile supports (combinations of piling and depiling operations, of interest apart from the single operation of piling or depiling B65H 83/00; recirculating articles B65H 85/00; manipulators B25J)


1/

00Supports or magazines for piles from which articles are to be separated (carriers used for associating, collating, or gathering articles B65H 39/00)

1/

02.adapted to support articles on edge

1/

04.adapted to support articles substantially horizontally, e.g. for separation from top of pile

1/

06..for separation from bottom of pile

1/

08.with means for advancing the pile to present the articles to a separating device (pressing on piles from which articles are separated from the bottom B65H 1/06)

1/

10..comprising weights

1/

12..comprising springs

1/

14..comprising positively-acting mechanical devices

1/

16..comprising pneumatic or hydraulic means

1/

18..controlled by height of pile

1/

20..controlled by weight of pile; Floating arrangements

1/

22..moving in direction of plane of articles, e.g. for bodily advancement of fanned-out piles

1/

24..with means for relieving or controlling pressure of the pile

1/

26.with auxiliary supports to facilitate introduction or renewal of the pile

1/

28.compartmented to receive piles side by side

1/

30.with means for replenishing the pile during continuous separation of articles therefrom


3/

00Separating articles from piles (associating, collating, or gathering articles B65H 39/00; machines for separating superposed webs B65H 41/00; unpiling thin material combined with folding B65H 45/26)

3/

02.using friction forces between articles and separator

3/

04..Endless-belt separators

3/

06..Rollers or like rotary separators

3/

08.using pneumatic force

3/

10..Suction rollers

3/

12..Suction bands, belts, or tables moving relatively to the pile

3/

14..Air blasts producing partial vacuum

3/

16.using magnetic force

3/

18.using electrostatic force

3/

20.using adhesives

3/

22.by needles or the like engaging the articles

3/

24.by pushers engaging the edges of the articles

3/

26.by separators engaging folds, flaps, or projections of articles

3/

28.by screw or like separators

3/

30.by escapement devices (screw or like separators B65H 3/28); from staggered piles; from piles of articles having staggered formations, e.g. cuts or perforations

3/

32.by elements, e.g. fingers, plates, rollers, inserted or traversed between articles to be separated and remainder of the pile (such elements acting only as supplementary devices to assist separation or prevent double feed B65H 3/50)

3/

34.Article-retaining devices controlling the release of the articles to the separators

3/

36.by separators moved in special paths, e.g. enclosing an area

3/

38..the paths not enclosing an area

3/

40.by two or more separators acting alternately on the same pile (rotary or oscillating bodies carrying two or more separators B65H 3/42)

3/

42.by two or more separators mounted for movement with, or relative to, rotary or oscillating bodies

3/

44.Simultaneously, alternately, or selectively separating articles from two or more piles

3/

46.Supplementary devices or measures to assist separation or prevent double feed (control means comprising detectors responsive to double feed B65H 7/12)

3/

48..Air blast acting on edges of, or under, articles

3/

50..Elements, e.g. fingers, plates, rollers, inserted or traversed between articles to be separated and remainder of the pile

3/

52..Friction retainers acting on under or rear side of article being separated

3/

54..Pressing or holding devices

3/

56..Elements, e.g. scrapers, fingers, needles, brushes, acting on separated article or on edge of the pile

3/

58..Articles spiked, threaded, cemented, or gummed together, to prevent double feed, e.g. piles with gummed edges

3/

60..Loosening articles in piles

3/

62...by swinging, agitating, or knocking the pile

3/

64...by vacuum apparatus

3/

66.Article guides or smoothers, e.g. movable in operation

3/

68..immovable in operation


5/

00Feeding articles separated from piles; Feeding articles to machines (identical mechanisms or parts for delivering or advancing articles from machines B65H 29/00)

5/

02.by belts or chains

5/

04.by movable tables or carriages (rotary tables B65H 5/18)

5/

06.by rollers

5/

08.by grippers, e.g. suction grippers

5/

10..Reciprocating or oscillating grippers

5/

12..Revolving grippers, e.g. mounted on arms, frames, or cylinders

5/

14..Details of grippers; Actuating mechanisms therefor

5/

16.by pusher, needles, friction, or like devices adapted to feed single articles along a surface or table

5/

18.by rotary dials or tables

5/

20.by dropping-roller or like device

5/

22.by air-blast or suction device (suction grippers B65H 5/08)

5/

24.Feeding streams of overlapping articles

5/

26.Duplicate, alternate, selective, or coacting feeds

5/

28.Feeding articles stored in rolled or folded bands

5/

30.Opening devices for folded sheets or signatures

5/

32.Saddle-like members over which partially-unfolded sheets or signatures are fed to signature-gathering, stitching, or like machines

5/

34.Varying the phase of feed relative to the receiving machine

5/

36.Article guides or smoothers, e.g. movable in operation

5/

38..immovable in operation


7/

00Controlling article feeding, separating, pile-advancing, or associated apparatus, to take account of incorrect feeding, absence of articles, or presence of faulty articles

7/

02.by feelers or detectors

7/

04..responsive to absence of articles, e.g. exhaustion of pile (B65H 7/14 takes precedence)

7/

06..responsive to presence of faulty articles or incorrect separation or feed (B65H 7/14 takes precedence)

7/

08...responsive to incorrect front register

7/

10...responsive to incorrect side register (controlling transverse register of webs B65H 23/032)

7/

12...responsive to double feed or separation

7/

14..by photoelectric feelers or detectors

7/

16.Controlling air-supply to pneumatic separators

7/

18.Modifying or stopping actuation of separators

7/

20.Controlling associated apparatus


9/

00Registering, e.g. orientating, articles; Devices therefor

9/

02.Gauge pins

9/

04.Fixed or adjustable stops or gauges (gauge pins B65H 9/02)

9/

06.Movable stops or gauges, e.g. rising and falling front stops

9/

08.Holding devices, e.g. finger, needle, suction, for retaining articles in registered position

9/

10.Pusher or like movable registers; Pusher or gripper devices which move articles into registered position

9/

12.carried by article grippers

9/

14.Retarding or controlling the forward movement of articles as they approach stops

9/

16.Inclined tape, roller, or like article-forwarding side registers

9/

18.Assisting by devices such as reflectors, lenses, transparent sheets, or mechanical indicators

9/

20.Assisting by photoelectric, sonic, or pneumatic indicators

   B65H 11/00 - B65H 23/34  
 

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